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Emergency Preparedness

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

The Florida Department of Health in Lake County has developed emergency preparedness plans which allow the health department to move quickly to identify the emergency or disease, its possible source and to minimize the risk to Lake County’s residents and visitors.

Quick Links

Extreme Heat  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/
Floods  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/floods/
Hurricanes  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/
Tornadoes  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/tornadoes/
Wildfires  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/wildfires/
Food, Water, Sanitation & Hygiene  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/foodwater/
Returning Home After a Disaster  http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/returnhome.asp
Prevent Carbon Monoxide Exposure http://www.cdc.gov/co/default.htm
Coping with a Disaster Event http://emergency.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/
Lake County Emergency Managament http://www.lakecountyfl.gov/departments/public_safety/emergency_management/

Bioterrorism

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Bioterrorism is the intentional use of infectious agents, germs or toxins, to cause illness or death. Bioterrorism preparedness has been made a national priority. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have worked for several years with state and local health departments to identify and to respond to bioterrorism. The federal response to bioterrorism includes medications, medical supplies, and if necessary, vaccines to protect an affected community.

Agents, Diseases & Threats

The Florida Department of Health in Lake County is dedicated to protecting public health, including preparing for and responding to weapons of mass destruction. Weapons of mass destruction can include biological, chemical or radiological threats as defined below. The Florida Department of Health in Lake County plans and practices response with other local responder agencies.  

Biological Agents

A biological agent is a bacterium, virus or other biological substance that can cause disease. Bioterrorism involves the use of any of these biological agents with the intent to cause harm.

Anthrax   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/
Botulism  http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/botulism/
Brucellosis  http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/brucellosis/
Glanders  http://www.cdc.gov/glanders/
Plague  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/plague/
Q Fever http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/
Smallpox  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/
Tularemia  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/tularemia/
Viral Hemmorrhagic Fever http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/virlfvr/virlfvr.htm

Chemical Agents

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

A chemical agent is a toxic gas, liquid or solid that can harm people or the environment. Chemical Terrorism involves the use of any of these chemical agents with the intent to cause harm.

Nerve 
Nerve agents are chemicals that interfere with the nervous system.
Sarin   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/sarin/index.asp
Soman   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/soman/index.asp
Tabun  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/tabun/index.asp
VX   http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/vx/index.asp


Blister
Blister agents are chemicals that can damage skin, eyes and lungs.

Chlorine  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/chlorine/index.asp
Chlorine is shipped as a liquid in trucks and trains but quickly forms a gas when it escapes from its storage container. It is used widely in chemical manufacturing, bleaching, drinking water and swimming pool disinfecting, and in cleaning agents.

Cyanides  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/cyanide/index.asp
Cyanides are poisons that inhibit respiration at the cellular level preventing cells from utilizing oxygen.
  
Ricin Toxins  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/ricin/index.asp
Ricin is a potent protein toxin derived from the beans of the castor plant which is available worldwide and therefore a potentially available toxin.

Radiological and Nuclear Threats

Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Radiological and nuclear threats include nuclear weapons and dirty bombs. Both spread radioactive materials, but a nuclear explosion would have a far reaching impact while a dirty bomb would affect a more targeted area. Intentional release of radioactive material is a form of terrorism.

Radiation Emergencies  http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/

Strategic National Stockpile

The mission of Centers for Disease Control’s Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) Program is to ensure the availability and rapid deployment of life-saving pharmaceuticals, antidotes, other medical supplies, and equipment necessary to counter the effects of nerve agents, biological pathogens and chemical agents. The SNS Program stands ready for immediate deployment to any US location in the event of a terrorist attack using a biological toxin or chemical agent directed against a civilian population.

Emergency Mass Prophylaxis Plan

The Emergency Mass Prophylaxis Plan is the countywide plan for large-scale antibiotic or vaccine dispensing in the event of an infectious disease emergency. The Florida Department of Health in Lake County is responsible for creating and maintaining this plan. Emergencies of this magnitude would include bioterrorism attacks through agents such as anthrax or smallpox as well as naturally occurring disease epidemics like pandemic influenza or meningococcal disease.

Point of Dispensing Sites

During a public health emergency, Points of Dispensing (PODS) are locations where large populations can receive medications or shots very quickly. PODs will be open to the public and all antibiotics and vaccines that are offered in response to the emergency will be free. PODs will be located throughout Lake County to provide accessibility for every community. In an emergency, media outlets and government agencies will release POD locations and hours of operation.

 

Disaster Preparedness for Families

It is important that we make sure that our families know what to do before, during and after a terrorist event. A Family Disaster Plan and disaster Supply Kit will help account for the safety of all family members in a disaster. Your family should review the plan frequently. Treat this plan as you would a fire drill.

Your Family disaster Plan should include emergency contact telephone numbers, a disaster supply kit, a family meeting site and more. Learn more from the following:

http://www.floridadisaster.org/

Why Your Family Should Identify Rally Points

Because your family is not together 24 hours a day, it is important for you to consider how you would find each other in a disaster. When choosing a family meeting location, you should consider selecting the most commonly frequented location (i.e., work, school, or neighbors). For example, parents should include a designated location in the plan to meet children if a crisis occurs while they are at school.

 Items to Consider When Developing Your Plan

Discuss the various types of hazards that could affect your family:

  • Determine an escape route from your home and places to meet including a child's school, a neighbor's house, family meeting location, or a familiar public place.
  • Have an out-of-state friend as a family contact, so all your family members have a single point of contact. Have at least two ways of contacting this person like email or phone.
  • Make a plan now for what to do with your pets if you need to evacuate.
  • Post emergency telephone numbers by your phones, in your wallet, or purse, and make sure your children know how and when to call 911.
  • Stock nonperishable emergency supplies and a disaster supply kit.
  • Take First Aid, CPR, and disaster preparedness classes.

Preparing a Family Disaster Supply Kit

It is important for you to prepare a well-stocked disaster supply kit. Suggested supply items include:

  • Water-at least one gallon daily per person for three to seven days
  • Food-at least enough for three to seven days
  • Blankets, pillows, and associated items
  • Warm clothing
  • First Aid kit and medicines
  • Special Items-for babies and the elderly
  • Toiletries
  • Radio-battery-operated and NOAA weather radio
  • Keys
  • Toys, books, and games
  • Important documents
  • Tools
  • Vehicle fuel tanks pre-filled
  • Pet care items
  • Flashlight and batteries

Family Emergency Phone Numbers

  • 911
  • Neighbor
  • Out of town family contact
  • School

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